Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
(PCL Reconstruction) Overview
The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is located in the back (posterior) of the knee and crosses (cruciate) behind the ACL. The PCL plays an important role in knee function by controlling back and forth motion and keeping the tibia (shin bone) from moving backwards too far in relation to the femur (thigh bone). PCL knee injuries are not as common as ACL injuries, but when they occur, patients can experience severe instability and loss of proper knee function. PCL surgery, commonly known as a PCL reconstruction, is performed by knee surgeon Dr. Mark Getelman in Van Nuys, Thousand Oaks and Los Angeles, California patients who have suffered a severe PCL tear and have lost knee stability and function.
The PCL may become injured in isolation or in conjunction with other knee ligaments. Non-surgical measures may be recommended by Dr. Getelman in mild PCL knee injury cases where the injury is isolated to the PCL, typically grade I and grade II injuries.
More severe PCL knee injuries and those associated with ACL, MCL or posterolateral injuries as well may require an arthroscopic PCL surgery to restore knee function and stability. Dr. Getelman typically recommends a PCL reconstruction for these more complex injuries.
During the PCL reconstruction, Dr. Getelman will use a graft to reconstruct the torn ligament. PCL surgery typically requires an allograft, a donated tissue from another individual, to reconstruct the ligament. Using an allograft allows Dr. Getelman to use a larger graft to replicate the size and position of the original PCL.