An Overview on Multiple Knee Ligament Surgery
A multi-ligament knee injury can occur from a collision during athletic activities, an automobile accident or a serious fall from a height. Multi-ligament knee injuries are considered complex, serious injuries that require immediate orthopedic care. In many cases, knee surgery designed to reconstruct multiple ligaments must be performed to restore joint function. Dr. Mark Getelman, Van Nuys, Thousand Oaks and Los Angeles, California orthopedic knee surgeon, is highly trained and experienced at performing multiple knee ligaments surgery.
There are four ligaments that compose the knee joint. Each ligament has its own function but they all work in unison to stabilize the knee. The knee ligaments include:
When multiple ligaments are injured during the same traumatic event, there are certain cases when one ligament can heal without the need of knee surgery while another ligament requires reconstruction. In other cases, all the torn ligaments must be repaired or reconstructed by Dr. Getelman to restore the joint stability.
Reconstructing a torn ligament requires Dr. Getelman to remove the damaged ligament and reconstruct a new ligament using a graft in the exact location of injury. The graft may be an autograft (harvested from the patient) or an allograft (harvested from a donor). If an injury is severe enough, multiple grafts may be required to complete the knee surgery. Surgical timing is critical to the outcome. Ideally, Dr. Getelman aims to perform all the reconstructions at one surgical setting but based on the swelling and injury pattern more than one surgical procedure may need to be performed. The goal is to restore joint stability, and minimize the development of knee stiffness and scaring during post-operative recovery.